How to Knead Dough

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How to Knead Dough

Any pastry chef knows the importance of kneading dough properly to make the perfect bread. Kneading helps develop gluten, the ingredient that gives bread the texture it needs, and also distributes the gases that came from the yeast’s metabolism. Knowing how to knead dough the right way is very important, so here’s what to do.

  1. Ready your dough in a bowl, combining all the ingredients according to the recipe you’re following. A basic bread recipe requires flour, water and yeast, but there are also complicated recipes that result in a more flavorful pastry. Make sure you use the correct measurements and mix them well.
  2. Get your hands ready as well. Wash them with cold water and soap, and make sure there’s no grime or dirt on them. Dry and cool hands are needed for kneading. If you’re working with sticky dough, you can use disposable latex gloves for easier cleanup later on.
  3. kneading dough

  4. Prepare a clean table or a wooden bowl for kneading, at a height that’s comfortable for you. Sprinkle flour all over the surface, increasing the amount if you have moist or sticky dough. Transfer the dough from the bowl and onto the surface.
  5. Time how long you knead your dough. Most recipes suggest a time, so make sure you follow it. 20 minutes is all right.
  6. Use your hands to gather the dough in one pile, then start pressing it together. You can use the heels of your hands, firmly pressing in the dough, then pushing it slightly forward.
  7. Go to the far edge of the dough, then fold it upwards, towards your direction. Press it in the middle of the ball, slightly rotating it, too. Repeat the press-fold-turn process throughout the kneading sequence. You only need to stretch the dough, but not to tear it.
  8. The dough will become firmer as you knead it, and the surface smooth and even. Pinch the dough between your fingers to check if it’s done. It will feel like an earlobe. If you think it’s not enough, knead for a few minutes longer. Scoop the dough up; if it’s springy and doesn’t have webbing when pulled apart, it’s done.

Once you’re done kneading, you can now proceed to baking your dough. You’ll know you’ve kneaded it properly when you end up with soft and chewy delicious bread. Enjoy!

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