How to Grow Medlar

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How to Grow Medlar

Medlar trees bear fleshy fruit that are sweet to taste. Native to Europe and Asia, medlars must be eaten only after they start to rot. These fruits used to be enjoyed as delicacies for dinner parties in Medieval England.

Planning the Site

You can choose from two methods to grow medlar.

If you plan to use the standard method of planting from seeds, make sure that the seeds are cool and moist. When starting from seeds, you should know that they may not germinate until their second spring. Starting from seeds may prove to be quite difficult.

The other method, which is grafting, is easier compared to starting from seeds. The most common tree on which medlar is grafted is the white thorn. The white thorn thrives on dry and sandy soil but grows best on rich and loamy soil. It needs full sun exposure but at the same time, a cool environment.

Preparing the Site

When planting a medlar tree, its graft union should be a couple of inches below soil level. The tree to be grafted on should have full sun exposure and the place must experience a frost climate.

Required Materials

You will require your set of gardening tools, and also the tools for grafting such as a budding knife, a grafting knife and pruning shears. Unless you know about grafting, it is best to leave it up to the gardening experts and concentrate on growing the grafted medlar tree.

Watering Requirements

The medlar tree needs minimal watering. Just keep the soil moist and never leave it to dry up.

Nutrients required

Fertilizers are usually given every two months. Nitrogen-rich fertilizers are best for growing your medlar tree.


Medlar fruits are abundant during the fall just before winter starts.


From the time of grafting, it may take up to 4 years for the tree to bear fruit. Fruits are harvested when they are hard and rough. But one should be careful in picking the fruits since they need to be mature before being picked. Picking the fruit too early will result in shriveling and a lack of good flavor. After picking the fruits, store them in a cool room and let them continue to ripen from two weeks to a month.